Because the subject matter of anthropology is so broad, an undergraduate major or concentration can be part of a broad liberal arts background for men and women interested in medicine, government, business, and law.
Personality is to the individual as culture is to the group. Practical Anthropology, the use of anthropological knowledge and technique to solve specific problems, has arrived; for example, the presence of buried victims might stimulate the use of a forensic archaeologist to recreate the final scene.
Anthropology terms subject matter is both exotic e.
Lenin said that a bureaucracy was first a military police apparatus and then a judiciary apparatus; that it corrupts from above and below. He discovered the speech center of the human brain, today called Broca's area after him.
Age Set Group uniting all men or women born during a certain time span; this group controls property and often has political and military functions.
Bureaucratic organization typifies modern industrial corporations, military organizations and a managed society. Age Set Group uniting all men or women born during a certain time span; this group controls property and often has political and military functions.
By the Anthropology terms Association for the Advancement of Science was able to report that 48 educational institutions in 13 countries had some curriculum in anthropology. Think about the social relations such mechanisms require, and the kind of political apparatus necessary to enforce them as well as the costs to a society to pay for these mechanisms of appropriate of wealth.
He stresses that the data of comparison must be empirical, gathered by experimentation. As a methodology, ethnography is based upon long-term fieldwork within a community or other research site. Though many picture cultural anthropologists thousands of miles from home residing in thatched huts amid wicker fences, growing numbers now study U.
Bride Price payment made by a man to the family from whom he takes a daughter in marriage. Archaeology Fortunately, the human record is written not only in alphabets and books, but is preserved in other kinds of material remains—in cave paintings, pictographs, discarded stone tools, earthenware vessels, religious figurines, abandoned baskets—which is to say, in tattered shreds and patches of ancient societies.
The other part of the base consists of the way the producers of value relate to each other and to those who do not produce value. Ambilocality residence of a married couple with or near the kin of either husband or wife, as they choose. Q qualitative methods - rich descriptions of cultural situations obtained from interviewing, participant observation, and collection of oral and textual materials.
Practical Anthropology, the use of anthropological knowledge and technique to solve specific problems, has arrived; for example, the presence of buried victims might stimulate the use of a forensic archaeologist to recreate the final scene.
Ethnography can refer to both a methodology and the product of ethnographic research, i. There was an immediate rush to bring it into the social sciences. Military operations and foreign "aid" also involve major dollar flows. Agrarian Society The most technologically advanced form of preindustrial society.
Biological Anthropology But human history begins in a different place further back in time. Animism Anthropology terms in souls or doubles.
Various short-lived organizations of anthropologists had already been formed. Banditry tends to disappear as social justice increases. The organization has reached global level.
Bilateral Descent a descent ideology in which individuals define themselves as being at the center of a group of kin composed more or less equally of kin from both paternal and maternal lines. Through his elaboration of cultural relativism as an alternative theoretical framework, he came to have an enormous influence on the development of American anthropology.
A student of Native American languages, Boas emphasized the importance of linguistic analysis from internal linguistic structure. These mechanisms include sharecropping, tenancy, tribute, debt peonage, slavery, wage relations and impressment into work crews.
Banditry tends to disappear as social justice increases. Agriculture Nonindustrial systems of plant cultivation characterized by continuous and intensive use of land and labor.
Usually a small group of wealthy individuals. Though easy to define, anthropology is difficult to describe. Tries to control unpredictable events and the supernatural. Cultural anthropology, in particular, has emphasized cultural relativismholismand the use of findings to frame cultural critiques.
Adult Socialization The process of socialization that occurs after childhood and that prepares people for adult roles. Its purposes are to encourage research, promote the public understanding of anthropology, and foster the use of anthropological information in addressing human problems.
Boas added cultural relativism to the body of anthropological theory and believed in historical particularism; cultural relativism pointed out that the differences in peoples were the results of historical, social and geographic conditions and all populations had complete and equally developed culture.
Age Grade a group of people of the same sex and approximately the same age who share a set of duties and privileges. Due to this difference in epistemology, the four sub-fields of anthropology have lacked cohesion over the last several decades.Anthropology definition is - the science of human beings; especially: the study of human beings and their ancestors through time and space and in relation to physical character, environmental and social relations, and culture.
The Origin of anthropology. Glossary of Anthropological Terms Anthropology can often be difficult to understand, there is no shortage of jargon and it can leave readers or listeners completely confused. the broad scientific study of human culture and biology. Anthropologists are interested in what it is to be human in all of our many different societies around the world today and in the past.
SOME TECHNICAL TERMS USED BY ANTHROPOLOGISTS (Compiled by Alan Macfarlane: for private use of students. This comes from single term is applied to several kin types (lineal and collateral, maternal and paternal, etc.) (often used as synonym for cultural anthropology) Etic: a research strategy that relies on the scientist’s criteria of.
Anthropology definition, the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind. See more. anthropology [an″thro-pol´o-je] the study of human beings and their development, including their customs and practices, that is based on an understanding of the contexts from which observations about human activities are derived.
adj., adj anthropolog´ical. applied anthropology the use of anthropological approaches and knowledge to influence human.Download