Oxford University Press, Pakistan as a peasant utopia: All these studies showed that political parties mobilise castes for their functioning and seek their support in winning elections.
However, in true British tradition, they also chose to elaborate sophisticated and intellectual arguments to justify and explain their rule. These are external links and will open in a new window Close share panel Image copyright Getty Images Is India losing its mojo because of bad politics?
Park, Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine.
This involvement of castes in politics resulted in two things: Consensus is painfully slow in such a society, and sometimes only a crisis can provoke the government - and the people - to bite the bullet.
To provide a local self-government to the rural population the Panchayati Raj institutions were set up.
Inadequate financial resources for the health sector and inefficient utilization result in inequalities in health.
Among the benefits bequeathed by the British connection were the large scale capital investments in infrastructure, in railways, canals and irrigation works, shipping and mining; the commercialisation of agriculture with the development of a cash nexus; the establishment of an education system in English and of law and order creating suitable conditions for the growth of industry and enterprise; and the integration of India into the world economy.
The Janata Dal won elections inbut its government managed to hold on to power for only two years. Harold Gould Economic and Political Weekly, Augusthowever, is of the opinion that caste has ceased to be a determinant of politics in India.
This just one interview of Rahul demonstrated effectively that elections are won or lost over media. The apparent lack of concern about the toxic air - whether through ignorance, apathy or the blinding impact of poverty -gives federal and local politicians the cover they need for failing to vigorously address the problem, said pollution activists, social scientists and political experts.
Investments in basic education, public health and primary care. But in the capital, at least, this was the year the problem was supposed to be addressed.
It also has one representative in the Rajya Sabha. October Learn how and when to remove this template message The lack of homogeneity in the Indian population causes division between different sections of the people based on religionregionlanguagecaste and race.
Reformers need to be patient; there are no shortcuts in India. Toddlers stand at school bus stops in crisply ironed uniforms, while security guards, street sweepers, and rickshaw drivers spend many hours outside breathing in filthy air - all without any attempt at protection.
Public health laboratories have a good capacity to support the government's diagnostic and research activities on health risks and threats, but are not being utilized efficiently. Footnotes Conflict of Interest: However, it was only from the late s that it became inevitable that independence could only be achieved if accompanied by a partition.India is a federal republic with 29 states and six union territories.
It has a parliamentary democracy which operates under the constitution of There is a bicameral federal parliament: the Rajya Sabha or council of states (upper house) and the Lok Sabha or house of the people (lower house). India has a multi party system where there is number of national and regional political parties existing in India because of which there is an emergence of coalition governments in India.
A SAGE Text! This core Political Science textbook written for the paper Indian Government and Politics explores the changing nature of politico-constitutional institutions and is drawn from the Constitution of India. India's first flush of economic reforms was launched by a minority government headed by PV Narasimha Rao of the Congress party in the early s.
Indian Politics and Politicians Indian Politics refers to the activities of the political parties associated with the governance and administration of India at every level, viz.
In India, the President is head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. Politics in India take place within the framework of a federal Westminster-style Parliamentary democratic constitutional republic.Download