It is removed from the hurry and strife of politics; it at most points stands apart even from the debatable ground of constitutional study. The principles on which to base a science of administration for America must be principles which have democratic policy very much at heart.
To be efficient it must discover the simplest Study of administration by which responsibility can be unmistakably fixed upon officials; the best way of dividing authority without hampering it, and responsibility without obscuring it. Certainly such a class would be altogether hateful and harmful in the United States.
There was little or no trouble about administration,-at least little that was heeded by administrators. How shall such service be made to his commonest interest by contributing abundantly to his sustenance, to his dearest interest by furthering his ambition, and to his highest interest by advancing his honor and establishing his character?
There is no danger in power, if only it be not irresponsible. Like principles of civil liberty are everywhere fostering like methods of government; and if comparative studies of the ways and means of government should enable us to offer suggestions which will practicably combine openness and vigor in the administration of such governments with ready docility to all serious, well-sustained public criticism, they will have approved themselves worthy to be ranked among the highest and most fruitful of the great departments of political study.
It takes scarcely three generations for the apotheosis.
It may be sluggish, but it will not be meddlesome. Surely not on this side the sea. They can agree upon nothing simple: Amidst this high warfare of principles, administration could command no pause for its own consideration.
What did we ever originate, except the action of the federal government upon individuals and some of the functions of the federal supreme court? In civilized countries the process is different. In order to make any advance at all we must instruct and persuade a multitudinous monarch called public opinion,-a much less feasible undertaking than to influence a single monarch called a king.
In speaking of European governments I do not, of course, include England. But the countries of the continent for a long time desperately struggled against all change, and would have diverted revolution by softening the asperities of absolute government.
It will prepare the way for the development of a sure-footed understanding of the general principles of government, but it will not necessarily foster skill in conducting government. Public officials must come up with the most effective and efficient solutions in order to decrease the crimes in the area.
Wherever regard for public opinion is a first principle of government, practical reform must be slow and all reform must be full of compromises. The great and only question was: Because independence and subjection are without chains, are lightened by every easy-working device of considerate, paternal government, they are not thereby transformed into liberty.
That period has practically closed, so far as the establishment of essential principles is concerned, but we cannot shake off its atmosphere. No one wrote systematically of administration as a branch of the science of government until the present century had passed its first youth and had begun to put forth its characteristic flower of systematic knowledge.
The English race, consequently, has long and successfully studied the art of curbing executive power to the constant neglect of the art of perfecting executive methods.
If that suspicion could but be clarified into wise vigilance, it would be altogether salutary; if that vigilance could be aided by the unmistakable placing of responsibility, it would be altogether beneficent.
This is a tendency towards the American type — of governments joined with governments for the pursuit of common purposes, in honorary equality and honorable subordination. To whom is official trustworthiness to be disclosed, and by whom is it to Study of administration rewarded?
It has been developed by French and German professors, and is consequently in all parts adapted to the needs of a compact state, and made to fit highly centralized forms of government; whereas, to answer our purposes, it must be adapted, not to a simple and compact, but to a complex and multiform state, and made to fit highly decentralized forms of government.
It is not of our making; it is a foreign science, speaking very little of the language of English or American principle. The question for us is, how shall our series of governments within governments be so administered that it shall always be to the interest of the public officer to serve, not his superior alone but the community also, with the best efforts of his talents and the soberest service of his conscience?
Luckily, a public administration degree prepares international students to successfully problem solve and find solutions.Welcome to my website designed for those interested in an arts administration as a Professor in higher education.
What you will find herein is. The study of administration, philosophically viewed, is closely connected with the study of the proper distribution of constitutional authority. To be efficient it must discover the simplest arrangements by which responsibility can be unmistakably fixed upon officials; the best way of dividing authority without hampering it, and responsibility.
Another reason to study public administration is to prepare international students for a career in government or non-profit work. Public administration jobs may be in demand in the future because budgetary funds are low.
Study of Intrathecal Administration of AVXS for Spinal Muscular Atrophy (STRONG) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S.
Federal Government. Woodrow Wilson's "The Study of Administration" is an academic essay in which Wilson calls for a central administrative bureaucracy to govern independently of elected officials in the United States.
The essay, which "Political Science Quarterly" published indownplays the famous founding. Results from the U.S Energy Information Administration’s most recent Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) show that an average of televisions were used in American homes indown from an average of televisions per household in The number of homes with three or more televisions declined from the previous survey conducted inand a larger share of households.Download